water

Grades 6-9 Lesson 1: Medicine Wheel

Grades 6-9 Lesson 1: Medicine Wheel

“Water finds significance in the lives of First Nations people on personal, community, clan, national, and spiritual levels. Water is understood as a living force which must be protected and nurtured; it is not a commodity to be bought and sold.” - Unknown
All around Turtle Island (North America), the Medicine Wheel has been used as a teaching tool for many Indigenous Nations. Medicine Wheels consist of many different aspects that connect humans and all living things to the Earth.

Grades 3-5 Lesson 1: Respecting Our Water

Grades 3-5 Lesson 1: Respecting Our Water

“In order to respect the water we have to respect the land. The land is a natural filtration system for our water. We don’t take care of the land, the water becomes sick.” - Unknown
Students will be exposed to the protocol for approaching an Elder while learning the importance of respecting the water and land.

Grades 10-12 Lesson 4: The Tale of Shoal Lake 40

Grades 10-12 Lesson 4: The Tale of Shoal Lake 40

“It’s on the Manitoba-Ontario border, there are two First Nations involved, [the community] is not isolated, just south of the Trans-Canada Highway, it’s complex just getting there geographically, and incredibly complex getting there politically.” – Cuyler Cotton, Co-ordinator for both the Water Servicing and All Weather Road Projects
A century ago, the federal government expropriated land inhabited by the Shoal Lake 40 First Nation for construction of an aqueduct to provide water to the city of Winnipeg. Band members were moved onto a man-made island. Shoal Lake 40 has been under a boil water advisory since February 18, 1997.

Grades 6-9 Lesson 2: What Is Water?

Grades 6-9 Lesson 2: What Is Water?

“I think water is probably an issue where we (Aboriginal community and scientific community) can find common ground for discussion…it is something we all can stand behind.” – Dr. Alexander Zehnder, Scientific Director – Water Resources – Alberta Innovates
Water is a molecule composed of two hydrogen atoms and one oxygen atom. Water can be in three states: solid, liquid and gas. Many contaminants are often found in water

Grades 3-5 Lesson 2: Ceremonial Uses for Water

Grades 3-5 Lesson 2: Ceremonial Uses for Water

Keep in mind the protocol for approaching the Elder. Offer tobacco and a honourarium for their time to come in and speak. Let them know what you want them to speak about prior to having them come into the classroom (one day or so). Let him or her know that for younger grades they may require less time as their attention span is not as high as grade 4 and 5 (teacher can gauge/decide this).

Grades 3-5 Lesson 3: Hydropower/Hydro Activity: Is it Bad or Good?

Grades 3-5 Lesson 3: Hydropower/Hydro Activity: Is it Bad or Good?

“Our land is more valuable than your money. It will last forever. It will not even perish by the flames of fire. As long as the sun shines and the waters flow, this land will be here to give life to men and animals.” - Chief Crowfoot, Siksika (1825-1890)
This lesson will focus on the effects hydropower/hydro activity has on Indigenous communities across Canada.

Grades 3-5 Lesson 4: Water Is Important

Grades 3-5 Lesson 4: Water Is Important

“No child should grow up not knowing what clean water is, or never knowing what running water is.” – Autumn Peltier
The percentage of the human body that is water ranges from 50% to 75%. The average adult is 50% to 65% water. Infants are approximately 75% water. The percentage of the human body that is water declines with age. We need to replenish our body with safe drinking water. Sometimes there are contaminants in the water and that causes a Boil Water Advisory to be called. Sometimes the contaminants cannot be removed through boiling and, therefore, a Do Not Use Advisory is issued instead. Neskantaga First Nation in Ontario has been under a Boil Water Advisory for over 23 years!

K-2 Lesson 2: Respecting Water

K-2 Lesson 2: Respecting Water

“As Indigenous Peoples, we recognize, honour and respect Water as a sacred and powerful gift from the Creator. Water, the first living spirit on this earth, gives life to all creation. Water, powerful and pristine, is the lifeblood that sustains life for all peoples, lands and creation. We know that by listening to the songs of the Water, all creation will continue to breathe. Our knowledge, laws and ways of life teach us to be responsible at all times in caring for this sacred gift that connects all life.” - Musqueam Territory Elder

K-2 Lesson 3: Ceremonial Uses of Water

K-2 Lesson 3: Ceremonial Uses of Water

“Water is what sustains us. Water is what brings us into this world, and water is what keeps us in this physical world. And so it’s our life.” - Jan Longboat
To help students understand how and why water was and is used in First Nations ceremonies. Specific ceremonies that will be looked at are the women’s water ceremony, fasting, sweat lodge, and giving thanks.

K-2 Lesson 5: Water Is Important

K-2 Lesson 5: Water Is Important

“How can there be any reconciliation in a country where this kind of inequality is acceptable?” – Shoal Lake 40 Chief Erwin Redsky
The percentage of the human body that is water ranges from 50% to 75%. The average adult is 50% to 65% water. Infants are approximately 75% water. The percentage of the human body that is water declines with age. We need to replenish our bodies with safe drinking water. Sometimes there are contaminants in the water and that causes a Boil Water Advisory to be called. Sometimes the contaminants cannot be removed through boiling and, therefore, a Do Not Use Advisory is issued instead. One First Nations community has been under a Boil Water Advisory for over 23 years!

Grade Two Thematic Unit Part 3: Importance of Water to Self, Health, Community and Culture

Grade Two Thematic Unit Part 3: Importance of Water to Self, Health, Community and Culture

Students will learn about extended families and the role they play within an Aboriginal community. As discussed in previous lessons, family or kinship ties set the limits of an individual's rights and responsibilities within the indigenous community.

Grade Seven Thematic Unit: Unit Scope and Introduction

Grade Seven Thematic Unit: Unit Scope and Introduction

The purpose of this unit is to provide students with an opportunity to learn about water and how it is viewed from an Aboriginal perspective. Water is one of the four sacred elements; the other three are Earth, Wind, and Fire. Water is extremely important as all forms of life are unable to exist without water.

Grade Seven Thematic Unit Part 4: Respecting Water and Water Conservation

Grade Seven Thematic Unit Part 4: Respecting Water and Water Conservation

Students will be able to review various stories regarding water issues of First Nation and Métis People. Students will be able to identify water issues within the media and provide the classroom with current events and facts regarding water in their area.

Grade Seven Thematic Unit Part 5: Traditional Ecological Knowledge and Traditional Knowledge Regarding Water

Grade Seven Thematic Unit Part 5: Traditional Ecological Knowledge and Traditional Knowledge Regarding Water

Students will be able to understand Aboriginal science perspectives through Dr. Jim Morin’s analytical perspective regarding indigenous knowledge. Student will be able to identify the four components of Traditional Knowledge and provide examples.