The students will gain a basic understanding of the role of water treatment facilities. Students will learn about the importance of eliminating biological activity in drinking water. Students will learn about chlorination as a means of disinfecting water. Students will learn about the concept of dechlorinating water and one of the ways this can be done.
Students will learn about the sources of ammonia in ground water, the consequences of high ammonia concentrations in water supplies, and the manner in which these problems are usually dealt with. Students will learn about biological filtering as a way to use bacteria to remove ammonia from water. Students will learn about the chemical reaction between chlorine and ammonia which results in the creation of chloramine and will learn about chloramine. Students will be able to demonstrate calculations involving concentrations, volumes and dilution factors.