Operation Water Biology Lesson One Chlorination and Dechlorination The purpose of a water treatment plant is to take raw water form a well or fresh water source, remove all of the contaminants and make the water safe to drink.
The students will gain a basic understanding of the role of water treatment facilities. Students will learn about the importance of eliminating biological activity in drinking water. Students will learn about chlorination as a means of disinfecting water. Students will learn about the concept of dechlorinating water and one of the ways this can be done.
Chlorine gets used up when disinfecting water
The total amount of chlorine that must be added to the water to disinfect it is its chlorine demand.
Would good water have a high or a low chlorine demand?
The United States Environmental Protection Agency’s maximum residual disinfectant level goal for chlorine is 4 ppm.